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带球冠形脱空缺陷椭圆钢管混凝土短柱轴压性能及计算方法研究

沈奇罕 王静峰 李景哲

沈奇罕, 王静峰, 李景哲. 带球冠形脱空缺陷椭圆钢管混凝土短柱轴压性能及计算方法研究[J]. 工程力学, 2022, 39(12): 141-150. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2021.07.0548
引用本文: 沈奇罕, 王静峰, 李景哲. 带球冠形脱空缺陷椭圆钢管混凝土短柱轴压性能及计算方法研究[J]. 工程力学, 2022, 39(12): 141-150. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2021.07.0548
SHEN Qi-han, WANG Jing-feng, LI Jing-zhe. EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND DESIGN OF AXIALLY LOADED CONCRETE FILLED ELLIPTICAL STEEL TUBULAR STUB COLUMNS WITH SPHERICAL GAPS[J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2022, 39(12): 141-150. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2021.07.0548
Citation: SHEN Qi-han, WANG Jing-feng, LI Jing-zhe. EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND DESIGN OF AXIALLY LOADED CONCRETE FILLED ELLIPTICAL STEEL TUBULAR STUB COLUMNS WITH SPHERICAL GAPS[J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2022, 39(12): 141-150. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2021.07.0548

带球冠形脱空缺陷椭圆钢管混凝土短柱轴压性能及计算方法研究

doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2021.07.0548
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(52108129);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(JZ2021HGQA0249,JZ2021HGTA0156,PA2021GDSK0081)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    沈奇罕(1991−),男,安徽淮南市人,讲师,博士,主要从事钢结构与组合结构研究(E-mail: QihanShen667@hfut.edu.cn)

    李景哲(1996−),男,河南禹州市人,博士生,主要从事钢结构与组合结构研究(E-mail: 2589657648@qq.com)

    通讯作者:

    王静峰(1976−),男,安徽合肥市人,教授,博士,院长,主要从事钢结构与组合结构研究(E-mail: jfwang008@163.com)

  • 中图分类号: TU398

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND DESIGN OF AXIALLY LOADED CONCRETE FILLED ELLIPTICAL STEEL TUBULAR STUB COLUMNS WITH SPHERICAL GAPS

  • 摘要: 为研究球冠形脱空对椭圆钢管混凝土短柱轴压性能的影响,该文通过带球冠形脱空椭圆钢管混凝土试件的破坏形态、轴压承载力、初始刚度和延性等性能在球冠形脱空影响下的变化规律,揭示了带球冠形脱空缺陷椭圆钢管混凝土轴压短柱的截面应变分布和核心混凝土强度特征,最终基于脱空特征对椭圆核心混凝土约束状态的影响机理,提出截面约束分区模型,推导并验证了考虑球冠形脱空影响的椭圆钢管混凝土短柱的轴压承载力计算公式。研究发现:核心混凝土破碎和斜向剪切、钢管局部鼓曲与凹陷以及试件的整体弯曲破坏是带球冠形脱空椭圆钢管混凝土轴压短柱的主要破坏形态;脱空缺陷的存在将削弱椭圆钢管与核心混凝土的相互作用,进而降低其轴压承载力、初始刚度和延性。
  • 图  1  带球冠形脱空试件示意图

    Figure  1.  The design diagram of test specimen with spherical-cap gaps

    图  2  拉伸试件取材位置

    Figure  2.  The position of the tensile coupons

    图  3  试验加载及量测装置

    Figure  3.  Test loading and measuring devices

    图  4  试件破坏形态

    Figure  4.  Failure patterns of test specimens

    图  5  荷载-位移曲线

    Figure  5.  The force - displacement curves

    图  6  荷载-应变曲线

    Figure  6.  The load- strain curves

    图  7  试件脱空特征系数

    Figure  7.  The GFI of test specimens

    图  8  带球冠形脱空椭圆核心混凝土约束分区模型

    Figure  8.  The confining status model of the elliptical core concrete with spherical-cap gap

    图  9  椭圆核心混凝土侧向约束假定

    Figure  9.  The assumption of the lateral confining force of elliptical core concrete

    表  1  试件几何信息表

    Table  1.   The geometric information of test specimens

    试件编号 2a×2b×t×L/mm dsg/
    mm
    χ sg/
    (%)
    AS1-H 280×140×6×500
    AS2-H 280×140×6×500
    AS1-SG0 280×140×6×500 0 0.0
    AS1-SG10 280×140×6×500 10 3.6
    AS1-SG20 280×140×6×500 20 7.2
    AS1-SG30 280×140×6×500 30 10.8
    AS2-SG0 280×140×6×500 0 0.0
    AS2-SG5 280×140×6×500 5 1.8
    AS2-SG10 280×140×6×500 10 3.6
    AS2-SG20 280×140×6×500 20 7.2
    AS2-SG30 280×140×6×500 30 10.8
    注:表中试件“AS1-SG10”中,“A”为轴压,“S1”为平均屈服强度为271 MPa的椭圆钢管,“SG10”为间隙为10 mm的球冠形脱空;试件AS1-H和试件AS2-H为屈服强度为271.2 MPa和488.5 MPa椭圆空钢管短柱;χsg为脱空率,χsg=dsg/(2a);dsg为脱空区弧形顶点至脱空界面的矢高。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  钢管材性试验结果

    Table  2.   The results of steel coupon test

    编号ID 屈服强度fy/MPa 极限强度fu/MPa 弹性模量Es/MPa 断后伸长率δ/(%)
    S1-1 271.2 370.2 203.2 14.0
    S1-2 277.3 359.9 199.9 14.0
    S1-3 263.8 379.5 197.2 17.0
    均值 270.8 369.9 200.1 15.0
    编号ID 屈服强度fy/MPa 极限强度fu/MPa 弹性模量Es/MPa 断后伸长率δ/(%)
    S2-1 480.9 550.2 206.1 16.0
    S2-2 502.1 547.1 205.8 16.0
    S2-3 482.5 530.8 204.8 17.0
    均值 488.5 542.7 205.6 16.3
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  混凝土材性测试结果

    Table  3.   The test results of concrete material property

    强度等级 试块编号 fcu,k/MPa Ec/MPa
    C60 C1 59.3 32130.0
    C2 58.6 32012.8
    C3 58.8 32038.4
    均值 58.9 32060.4
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  试验结果

    Table  4.   The test results

    编号 屈服位移
    Δy/mm
    峰值位移
    Δu/mm
    破坏位移
    Δ0.85/mm
    延性系数
    DI
    刚度Ki/
    (kN·mm−1)
    承载力
    Nut/kN
    AS1-H 0.65 0.97 1.39 2.14 1505.8 985
    AS1-SG0 0.84 2.26 3.63 4.32 3233.0 2723
    AS1-SG10 0.83 1.89 2.98 3.59 3080.3 2551
    AS1-SG20 0.80 1.81 2.43 3.03 2973.3 2390
    AS1-SG30 0.77 1.72 2.28 2.96 2822.0 2181
    AS2-H 1.09 1.56 3.57 3.28 1730.2 1881
    AS2-SG0 1.03 2.41 5.42 5.26 3405.0 3501
    AS2-SG5 1.05 2.31 5.08 4.84 3323.0 3493
    AS2-SG10 1.14 1.95 4.26 3.74 2923.0 3323
    AS2-SG20 1.09 1.91 4.02 3.69 2896.0 3156
    AS2-SG30 1.11 1.77 3.67 3.31 2771.0 3063
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  试验结果与计算结果对比

    Table  5.   Comparison between the test and predicted results

    来源 编号 Nut/kN Nc/kN Nc/Nut
    文献[4] cs4-1 2060 1960 0.95
    cs4-2 2010 1960 0.97
    cs8-1 1833 1944 1.06
    cs8-2 1878 1944 1.04
    cs12-1 1780 1929 1.08
    cs12-2 1830 1929 1.05
    本文 AS1-H 985 1043 0.94
    AS1-SG0 2723 2410 0.92
    AS1-SG10 2551 2325 0.91
    AS1-SG20 2390 2263 0.95
    AS1-SG30 2181 2199 1.01
    AS2-H 1881 1878 1.00
    AS2-SG0 3501 3489 1.00
    AS2-SG5 3493 3399 0.97
    AS2-SG10 3323 3352 1.01
    AS2-SG20 3156 3269 1.04
    AS2-SG30 3063 3188 1.04
    平均值 1.00
    方差 0.003
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 加载中
图(9) / 表(5)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  102
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-17
  • 录用日期:  2022-03-06
  • 修回日期:  2021-11-03
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-03-06
  • 刊出日期:  2022-12-01

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