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桥梁结构地震易损性研究进展述评

李宏男 成虎 王东升

李宏男, 成虎, 王东升. 桥梁结构地震易损性研究进展述评[J]. 工程力学, 2018, 35(9): 1-16. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2017.04.0280
引用本文: 李宏男, 成虎, 王东升. 桥梁结构地震易损性研究进展述评[J]. 工程力学, 2018, 35(9): 1-16. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2017.04.0280
LI Hong-nan, CHENG Hu, WANG Dong-sheng. A REVIEW OF ADVANCES IN SEISMIC FRAGILITY RESEARCH ON BRIDGE STRUCTURES[J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2018, 35(9): 1-16. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2017.04.0280
Citation: LI Hong-nan, CHENG Hu, WANG Dong-sheng. A REVIEW OF ADVANCES IN SEISMIC FRAGILITY RESEARCH ON BRIDGE STRUCTURES[J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2018, 35(9): 1-16. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2017.04.0280

桥梁结构地震易损性研究进展述评

doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2017.04.0280
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0701108);国家自然科学基金重大国际合作项目(51261120375);国家自然科学基金项目(51478074)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李宏男(1957-),男,辽宁人,教授,博士,博导,主要从事工程结构抗震、抗风、健康监测与诊断研究(E-mail:hnli@dlut.edu.cn);王东升(1974-),男,内蒙古人,教授,博士,博导,主要从事桥梁及结构工程抗震研究(E-mail:dswang@hebut.edu.cn).

    通讯作者: 成虎(1989-),男,江苏人,博士生,主要从事近海桥梁工程结构抗震研究(E-mail:hoocheng@163.com).
  • 中图分类号: U442.5+5

A REVIEW OF ADVANCES IN SEISMIC FRAGILITY RESEARCH ON BRIDGE STRUCTURES

  • 摘要: 随着基于性能的地震工程全概率决策框架的提出,要求从概率的角度对桥梁结构的抗震性能进行评估,结合结构地震响应分析和结构损伤分析的地震易损性分析受到广泛关注。为了促进国内桥梁结构地震易损性研究的发展,首先回顾了易损性研究的历史阶段与发展过程,评述了国内外桥梁结构地震易损性的研究现状;在此基础上介绍了地震易损性分析的基本原理和研究方法:分别从经验型、理论型以及经验-理论相结合的角度详细介绍了常用的易损性分析方法和一般过程,指出了当前研究中遇到的问题以及存在的局限性;最后,对桥梁结构地震易损性的应用前景和发展方向进行了展望。总结既有研究成果表明,环境因素、地震动、场地条件以及桥梁自身参数等的不确定性问题,地震动强度参数和结构能力指标的合理选择问题,各主要构件之间的相关性及其对桥梁结构整体抗震性能的贡献问题等都是桥梁结构地震易损性研究领域的重要内容。此外,对于更为复杂的情况,包括液化或特殊场地以及特殊大跨度桥梁等的研究,都将对桥梁抗震工程领域的发展具有重要意义。
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-04-11
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桥梁结构地震易损性研究进展述评

doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2017.04.0280
    基金项目:  国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0701108);国家自然科学基金重大国际合作项目(51261120375);国家自然科学基金项目(51478074)
    作者简介:

    李宏男(1957-),男,辽宁人,教授,博士,博导,主要从事工程结构抗震、抗风、健康监测与诊断研究(E-mail:hnli@dlut.edu.cn);王东升(1974-),男,内蒙古人,教授,博士,博导,主要从事桥梁及结构工程抗震研究(E-mail:dswang@hebut.edu.cn).

    通讯作者: 成虎(1989-),男,江苏人,博士生,主要从事近海桥梁工程结构抗震研究(E-mail:hoocheng@163.com).
  • 中图分类号: U442.5+5

摘要: 随着基于性能的地震工程全概率决策框架的提出,要求从概率的角度对桥梁结构的抗震性能进行评估,结合结构地震响应分析和结构损伤分析的地震易损性分析受到广泛关注。为了促进国内桥梁结构地震易损性研究的发展,首先回顾了易损性研究的历史阶段与发展过程,评述了国内外桥梁结构地震易损性的研究现状;在此基础上介绍了地震易损性分析的基本原理和研究方法:分别从经验型、理论型以及经验-理论相结合的角度详细介绍了常用的易损性分析方法和一般过程,指出了当前研究中遇到的问题以及存在的局限性;最后,对桥梁结构地震易损性的应用前景和发展方向进行了展望。总结既有研究成果表明,环境因素、地震动、场地条件以及桥梁自身参数等的不确定性问题,地震动强度参数和结构能力指标的合理选择问题,各主要构件之间的相关性及其对桥梁结构整体抗震性能的贡献问题等都是桥梁结构地震易损性研究领域的重要内容。此外,对于更为复杂的情况,包括液化或特殊场地以及特殊大跨度桥梁等的研究,都将对桥梁抗震工程领域的发展具有重要意义。

English Abstract

李宏男, 成虎, 王东升. 桥梁结构地震易损性研究进展述评[J]. 工程力学, 2018, 35(9): 1-16. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2017.04.0280
引用本文: 李宏男, 成虎, 王东升. 桥梁结构地震易损性研究进展述评[J]. 工程力学, 2018, 35(9): 1-16. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2017.04.0280
LI Hong-nan, CHENG Hu, WANG Dong-sheng. A REVIEW OF ADVANCES IN SEISMIC FRAGILITY RESEARCH ON BRIDGE STRUCTURES[J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2018, 35(9): 1-16. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2017.04.0280
Citation: LI Hong-nan, CHENG Hu, WANG Dong-sheng. A REVIEW OF ADVANCES IN SEISMIC FRAGILITY RESEARCH ON BRIDGE STRUCTURES[J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2018, 35(9): 1-16. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2017.04.0280
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