工程力学 ›› 2019, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 8-23.doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2018.03.0175

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

扑翼空气动力学研究进展与应用

向锦武, 孙毅, 申童, 李道春   

  1. 北京航空航天大学航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-26 修回日期:2019-01-26 出版日期:2019-04-25 发布日期:2019-04-15
  • 通讯作者: 李道春(1980-),男,山东人,教授,博士,博导,从事飞行器气动弹性与微型飞行器设计研究(E-mail:lidc@buaa.edu.cn). E-mail:lidc@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:向锦武(1964-),男,湖南人,教授,博士,博导,从事无人飞行器总体设计研究(E-mail:xiangjw@buaa.edu.cn);孙毅(1978-),男,陕西人,工程师,博士生,从事无人机总体技术与微型飞行器设计研究(E-mail:821522495@qq.com);申童(1993-),男,陕西人,博士生,从事微型扑翼气动特性研究(E-mail:shentong@buaa.edu.cn).
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(11572023)

RESEARCH PROGRESS AND APPLICATION OF FLAPPING WING AERODYNAMICS

XIANG Jin-wu, SUN Yi, SHEN Tong, LI Dao-chun   

  1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-03-26 Revised:2019-01-26 Online:2019-04-25 Published:2019-04-15

摘要: 昆虫、鸟类与蝙蝠等生物具有高超的飞行能力,是扑翼飞行器的主要模仿对象。近年来,扑翼空气动力学领域的研究取得了很大进展,该文主要对其主要研究成果进行综述,重点介绍扑翼空气动力学各研究方向的最新进展,包括昆虫、鸟类与蝙蝠扑翼的主要升力机制,翅膀形态学参数与微观结构、翅膀柔性与动态变形、翼-翼干扰、翼-身干扰、个体间干扰及地面效应等对扑翼气动特性的影响。同时还对仿生扑翼飞行器气动研究的新进展进行了介绍,并提出了扑翼空气动力学所面临的主要问题和挑战。

关键词: 扑翼, 空气动力学, 昆虫, 鸟类, 蝙蝠

Abstract: Insects, birds and bats have superb flying ability. They are the main imitators of a flapping-wing aircraft. In recent years, a great progress has been made in the field of flapping-wing aerodynamics. This paper summarized the main research results, and focus on the recent advances in flapping-wing aerodynamics, including the flapping-wings lift mechanism of insects, birds and bats, the effects of wing morphological parameters and microstructures, wing flexibility, dynamic deformation, wing-wing interference, wing-body interference, inter-individual interference, and ground effect on the flapping wing aerodynamics. We also introduced the research progress of aerodynamic research on bionic flapping-wing aircraft design. At the end, the main problems and challenges faced by flapping-wing aerodynamics are presented.

Key words: flapping wing, aerodynamics, insect, bird, bat

中图分类号: 

  • V211.5
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